[IFRS 10:5-6; IFRS 10:8] An investor controls an investee if and only if the investor has all of the following elements: [IFRS 10:7] Power arises from rights. Such returns must have the potential to vary as a result of the investee's performance and can be positive, negative, or both.
[IFRS ] A parent must not only have power over an investee and exposure or rights to variable returns from its involvement with the investee, a parent must also have the ability to use its power over the investee to affect its returns from its involvement with the investee. When assessing whether an investor controls an investee an investor with decision-making rights determines whether it acts as principal or as an agent of other parties.
Any difference between the amount by which the non-controlling interests are adjusted and the fair value of the consideration paid or received is recognised directly in equity and attributed to the owners of the parent.[IFRS , IFRS 10: B96] If a parent loses control of a subsidiary, the parent [IFRS ]: If a parent loses control of a subsidiary that does not contain a business in a transaction with an associate or a joint venture gains or losses resulting from those transactions are recognised in the parent's profit or loss only to the extent of the unrelated investors' interests in that associate or joint venture.* * Added by amendments, effective 1 January 2016, however, the effective date of the amendment was later deferred indefinitely.
[Note: The investment entity consolidation exemption was introduced by Investment Entities, issued on 31 October 2012 and effective for annual periods beginning on or after 1 January 2014.] IFRS 10 contains special accounting requirements for investment entities.
[IFRS 10: B58, IFRS 10: B60] Preparation of consolidated financial statements A parent prepares consolidated financial statements using uniform accounting policies for like transactions and other events in similar circumstances.
[IFRS ] However, a parent need not present consolidated financial statements if it meets all of the following conditions: [IFRS 10:4(a)] Investment entities are prohibited from consolidating particular subsidiaries (see further information below).
We have the inventory, the systems, and the facilities to service 100% of our customers needs.
The difference between the date of the subsidiary's financial statements and that of the consolidated financial statements shall be no more than three months [IFRS 10: B92, IFRS 10: B93] Non-controlling interests (NCIs) A parent presents non-controlling interests in its consolidated statement of financial position within equity, separately from the equity of the owners of the parent.
An investor considers all relevant facts and circumstances when assessing whether it controls an investee. An investor that holds only protective rights cannot have power over an investee and so cannot control an investee [IFRS , IFRS ].
An investor controls an investee when it is exposed, or has rights, to variable returns from its involvement with the investee and has the ability to affect those returns through its power over the investee. An investor must be exposed, or have rights, to variable returns from its involvement with an investee to control the investee.
Where an entity meets the definition of an 'investment entity' (see above), it does not consolidate its subsidiaries, or apply IFRS 3 Business Combinations when it obtains control of another entity.
[IFRS ] An entity is required to consider all facts and circumstances when assessing whether it is an investment entity, including its purpose and design.