Carbon dating the torah
According to Jewish tradition, the oral Torah was given to Moses on Mount Sinai by God, who then passed on what he learned to the Jewish people.
No one knows for sure when the Torah was first written down, but scholars believe that the final version of the Torah we have today was recorded during the Babylonian exile (c.539 BCE).
photo source: Center for Online Judaic Studies Prior to 2007, no one knew that the two Torah fragments known as the Ashkar-Gilson Hebrew Manuscript #2 and the London Manuscript were actually part of the same scroll. Mordechay Mishor, a member of the Academy of the Hebrew Language, is credited with first noticing the similarities between the Ashkar-Glison Manuscript and the London Manuscript. Edna Engel of the Hebrew Palaeography Project at the Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities, who determined that the two fragments were in fact a perfect match.
As the oldest and most complete version of the Hebrew Bible, the Leningrad Codex has been used as a model for modern Jewish bibles.The University gave Engel and Mishor a facsimile of the manuscript and gave them permission to publish their findings.The owner of the London Manuscript, the Loewentheil Family of New York, also cooperated with Engel and Mishor on their mission to reunite the two pieces.A few fragments of texts from around this time period have survived, but the oldest complete Torah only dates to the 11 photo source: National Geographic News In 2013, a Torah scroll from the University of Bologna in Italy made international news as it was deemed to be the world’s oldest Torah – this is technically true as it is the oldest Torah scroll.Professor Mauro Perani announced that radiocarbon tests showed that the Torah scroll was about 800 years old, dating between 11.
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For more than a thousand years, the Aleppo Codex was carefully preserved by Jewish communities in the Middle East.