Meats were cooked with one general goal: make them edible.
In the realm of smoked ham, salt beef, and dried fish, the concept of a "doneness" scale from raw to overcooked did not exist.
Meats roasted on open fires released pleasing aromas, enhanced product flavor, and made the food easier to chew. Ancient western peoples so valued cooked meats that consuming anything raw was considered "barbarian."In the earliest days of civilization, most animals were kept for work (oxen to plough), textiles goods (sheep for wool), and sustainable edible products (cows and goats for milk & cheese; chickens for eggs). Slow cooking in some kind of broth rendered these tough sinews edible.
384 Let him be fed with thin Panada, Water and Barly-grewels, Chicken or other small Broath, Harts-horn Jelly, sometimes a rear poach'd or a new laid Egg.1754 A. The temperature there is lower than in the oven."---"Cook Meat Slowly, Say Texas Experts," New York Times, December 22, 1942 (p. Food historians generally agree the discovery of cooking was accidental.
This early reference notes this stage is unwholesome [Markam]. Black and blue(aka"Pittsburgh style" steak surfaces in print in the 1970s. The ideal method forcooking meat would therefore minimize moisture loss and compacting of the meat fiers, while maximizing the conversion oftough connective-tissue colllagen to fluid gelatin.
Simple physical damage to the muscle fibers causes them to release more of theirfluids and therefore more stimulating substances for the tongue.
Cooking intensifiesthe taste of meat and creates its aroma.
198-199)"Chart for roasting meat by the modern method...
1861), although it was current in English writing from the 18th cent. for roasts and from 95 to 99 degrees for braised meat."---Experimental Cookery, Bell Lowe [John Wiley & Sons: New York] 1932 (p.
Search for datingstream euinmailbox:
F j b, Poched egges are better than egges rosted hard or rere.1542 A. 21st century American meat eaterscontinue to enjoy their meats from tartar to well.